Cases OBGYNs Deal With
An OBGYN’s areas of specialization deal with the female reproductive system. Obstetrics handles these areas for pregnant women. Gynecology, on the other hand, tackles them in non-pregnant situations. This doctor is therefore needed whether a woman is pregnant or not. For one to qualify to be an OBGYN, they have to first go through the medical degree training, then further studies and training to specialize in the field. To be a gynecologist, you must also receive training in obstetrics, but obstetrics may do without gynecology training. There is a tendency for most OBGYNs to finish school and start a general practice, but some of them keep on specializing into a specific field.
These specializing areas they go into are fellowships, which shall have clinical, operational and research training baked into them. How long one trains depends on what they chose to specialize in. Some fellowships are maternal-fetal medicine, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and menopausal gynecology, to name a few.
An OBGYN shall thus perform so many different procedures for both pregnant and non-pregnant women. The most popular service in OBGYN work is the ultrasound. Pregnant women will need access to this service at different stages of the gestation period. It is the way to gather more info about the health status of both mother and fetus. The first ultrasound, for example, will reveal the duration of the pregnancy, and the expected end of the gestation period date. This procedure is usually done at the OBGYN’s office, where they use their ultrasound sonographer. As the pregnancy nears its conclusion, a contraction stress test procedure may be administered. The point of this test is to induce contractions that shall reveal the reactions of the fetus, inconsistencies, and the expected childbirth conditions.
You will discover more of the gynecological procedures these doctors are capable of performing. They for instance perform dilation and curettage. Dilation is done to enlarge the entrance of the patient’s uterus, as curettage is done to scrape the lining of the uterus for tissue samples. It is necessary when they need to know more about, and treat, the occurrence of abnormal uterine bleeding. The collected samples shall then be observed under a microscope for any abnormalities.
Another one is hysterectomy, which is quite popular. It involves the partial or total removal of the uterus. This is something done on a woman who has reached childbearing age. This is what they have to turn to when there is nothing else to do in cases of chronic pelvic pain, cancer, or abnormal uterine bleeding.
An OBGYN has extensive skills and training to do so many procedures for both pregnant and not pregnant women.