A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, most of the medical specimens will be processed in two main medical laboratories. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.